The National Centre of Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology (NCEMP) is an Institute of the University of Allahabad. This is a Research Institute and was established for the advancement of high-pressure-temperature research in India. The research facilities like Multi-anvil High P-T equipment and Piston cylinder apparatus are unique in India. The High pressure laboratory has apparata capable of reproducing and maintaining for many hours the conditions where petrological processes occur, ranging from the surface of the earth to depths of about 750 kilometers. In high-pressure laboratory, pressures ranging from 1 atm to 25 GPa and temperatures ranging from few hundred to 2000 degree centigrade can be achieved.
This lab has Walker type Multi-Anvil High Pressure Apparatus (from Rockland Research, USA), Piston cylinder apparatus, and Hydrothermal apparatus for studying the earth from crust to full upper mantle. This laboratory also has different types of furnaces (for achieving temperatures up to 1700 degree centigrade) for sample preparation, phase equilibria studies and melting of silicates and oxides.
For analytical study of the very small samples produced by High-pressure-temperature studies the institute also has analytical facilities like Electron Probe Micro Analyser, Powder XRD, and polarizing geological microscopes.
Presently Prof. Jayanta Kumar Pati is the Director of this institute. Previous Directors of this institute were Prof. Alok K. Gupta, Prof. S. G. Prakash, Prof. S. D. Dixit and Prof. Somnath Dasgupta.
At present there are three Asst. Professors and two scientists involved in high quality research work in the institute
This institute is actively pursuing research in the field of phase studies of minerals, conductivity studies, seismic velocity measurements at high pressure and temperature. The scientists of this institute are also pursuing research in the field of interdisciplinary areas like nano polymers, composites and their device applications. The research facilities of this institute are also used by research students and faculty members of several research Institutes and Universities of the northern region. The research work being done in this institute is regularly being published in high impact factor national and international journals.